For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the French Revolution - Storming of the Bastille webquest print page. Whe… “14 juillet”, Vincent Van Gogh, 1886. At the end of the day, the governor eventually surrendered and the rioters took over the building. The military parade used to take place in the Longchamp Racecourse in the Bois de Boulogne, in Paris, but after the First World War, this changed. The Bastille was not designed as a prison in which to keep prisoners, but instead was designed as a structure to keep out invading armies. The demonstrators of the Third Estate in France, had earlier stormed the Hôtel des Invalides to gather arms (29,000 to 32,000 muskets, but without powder or shot), and were mainly seeking to acquire the large quantities of arms and ammunition stored at the Bastille. On the morning of 14 July 1789, the city of Paris was in a state of alarm. A Te Deum followed. Bastille Day falls on the 14th of July every year and became a national holiday in France in 1880! People of high rank were sometimes held there too. “Fireworks on Bastille Day in Paris”, Yann Caradec, 2012. From the period between 1420 and 1436 the English had control of the Bastille. Between 1940 and 1944, when France was occupied by the Germans during the Second World War, there could obviously not be any celebration nor parade in the streets of Paris between 1940 and 1944. Over one hundred people died in the storming of the Bastille, but only seven prisoners were actually being held in the Bastille at the time. I hope that this has been a help to you. Intro. In June 1880, the Senate chose 14 July over 4 August (honoring the end of the feudal system) as a yearly national holiday. On July 14th 1789, a crowd of several thousand people laid siege to the Bastille, a royal fortress on the eastern fringe of Paris. That is why, at the time, everybody – the Parisians, the king, the nobility –, everywhere – in France or in the neighboring royal courts – understood the meaning when it was surrendered to and taken over by the people. The Royal troops concentrated around Paris were dispersed to their frontier garrisons. Did You Know? They called for the surrender of the prison, the removal of the guns and the release of the arms and gunpowder. Bastille Day Fun Facts! In France, Bastille Day is formally called La Fête nationale (The National Celebration) and commonly called Le quatorze juillet (the fourteenth of July). The event obviously could not have been missed by the artists who lived in France and it actually inspired one of the greatest. Another idea is to enjoy it from a boat floating on the Seine; in some cases, you can even book a dinner table, listen to music and dance around in a more intimate setting (and if you don’t want to wait until next Bastille Day to do so, grab yourself some tickets for a journey on the Seine). The Third Estate, after being locked out from a meeting on 20 June 1789 by King Louis XVI, pledged not to separate until they had given France a constitution. Sourced from Wikipedia. This Revolution began with an armed revolutionthat was the trigger for all new ideas to begin to emerge, and the main and first great revolt was the Storming of the Bastille. Bastille Day is one of the most iconic national days in the world. Sourced from www.repro-tableaux.com. As a prison, the Bastille held common criminals such as forgers and thieves, as well as people put in prison for religious reasons, such as the Huguenots. From that point on, several books contributed to depict the Bastille as an awful place where people would be imprisoned without trial, tortured and killed. There were only seven prisoners in the Bastille at the time. Under Louis XIV, the Bastille officially became a State’s prison, where the king’s enemies and critics would be locked up. The storming of the Bastille gave way to the French revolution and lead to the overthrowing of the monarchy and the execution of the king and queen. The Storming of the Bastille, in Paris, was the flashpoint of the French Revolution and signified the fall of the monarchy and royal authority. In the days following the storming of the Bastille, Marquis de Lafayette assumed the responsibility to maintain order in France. A medieval fortress, the eight 30 meter high towers of the Bastille, dominated the Parisian horizon. Guess which building had plenty? It had eight towers. For the first time, in 2015, the RAID, the GIGN and the BRI, all special forces of the National Police dedicated to dealing with crises and dangerous missions linked to criminality and terrorism, joined the parade after their intervention during the terrorist attacks led in January 2015 in the offices of Charlie Hebdo and in a kosher supermarket. One of the biggest holidays in France is Bastille Day on July 14th. In 2017, a century after the United States’s involvement in the First World War, President Trump came to see some of the American troops take part in the celebrations. Explore this item in our Flash timeline . Fast forward to the week leading to July 14th, when the atmosphere started to get very tense in Paris. Over the centuries, the fortress also served as a safe for the royal treasure. The French Revolution was a social and political process that developed in France between 1789 and 1795, which sought to create a new code of laws, of freedom, equality and fraternity, and which main objective was to create a Republic. There are interesting connections between the U.S. and Bastille Day. First, La Fayette did so in the name of the federated National Guards; then, the Assembly’s President did so in the name of the deputies; and finally, the king. Caricature of Benjamin Raspail in a 1878 newspaper. His maiden novella “Teicos” is a thoughtful depiction of the development of society and is awaiting publication. Bastille Day is celebratedannually on July 14th to commemorate the historical Storming of the Bastille. “Storming of the Bastille, July 14, 1789”, Anonymous. Here are 10 interesting facts about Bastille Day and the event which created it. The General Estates were an assembly composed of representatives of the Clergy, the Nobility and the Commoners. Source(s): French History. Sourced from Wikipedia. “Vive le 14 juillet!” (“Long live the 14th of July!”) is a popular slogan which is associated with the day. The taking of the Bastille by French revolutionaries. It was built to defend the eastern approach to the city of Paris from the English threat in the Hundred Years’ War. The insurgents even set free the few prisoners held in its walls. The medieval armory, fortress, and political prison known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. Before the start of the revolution, France was facing a financial crisis. In 1357, the initial construction of Bastille was started even though actually the primary construction began in 1370. At this point, you may be wondering why would the French turn such an event into their National Day. Lv 7. grab yourself some tickets for a journey on the Seine. From the period between 1420 and 1436 the English had control of the Bastille. Sourced from Wikipedia. It was followed by the abolishment of feudalism on 4 August, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen being adopted on 26 August and the March on Versailles in October. “The Patrouille de France passing by during the French national celebration of 2009”, Dimitri Torterat. Afterwards, when your eyes are still sparkling from the beauty you witnessed, a big concert begins at the feet of the monument. Facts about Bastille 4: the design . Furthermore they feared that the troops arriving in Versailles, which consisted of mostly foreign mercenaries, were being summoned to shut down the National Constituent Assembly. We use our own and third party cookies to improve your experience and our services; and to analyze your use of our website. This included four forgers and two lunatics. The event ended in a huge feast, with people dancing, singing, drinking and eating. After the fall of the Bastille, the fortress was claimed by the people and later demolished on the order of … Therefore, a long history made the Bastille the symbol of monarchical power, as well as the embodiment of royal tyranny in people’s minds. The Bastille was a fortress in Paris. France got behind the group which called itself National Assembly and on 27 June, Louis was forced to recognize their validity. Involving 7,000 soldiers, 300 vehicles, 240 horses and more than 80 planes and helicopters, it is the biggest regular military parade in Western Europe. Nowadays, since 1981, the parade traditionally starts from the Champs-Elysées, up to the Arc de Triomphe, before joining the President, the government and the foreign ambassadors on the place de la Concorde. Sourced from Wikipedia. On 14 July 1789, a state prison on the east side of Paris, known as the Bastille, was attacked by an angry and aggressive mob. You may join theTrocadéro gardens to enjoy the most expected event of the day: the majestic, thirty-minute long firework show happening around the Eiffel Tower at 11pm. It all eventually exploded in 1789. Among other things, people ran through the streets naked to display their great freedom. Facts about Bastille Day 1: the date of the celebration The storming of Bastille took place on 14 July 1789. as opposed to elitist culture. After managing to take hold of cannons and rifles, all they needed was powder and bullets. There were only seven prisoners being held at Bastille at the time and they were liberated. That day represented the changes that France had seen in the past year: rather than divisiveness and political turmoil, the country was now relatively calm. Fun Facts about the Bastille. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at French Revolution - Storming of the Bastille. On the morning of July 14th, which happened to register the highest price of bread since the beginning of Louis XVI’s reign, a delegation of Parisians negotiated with the Bastille’s governor so that he would hand over the arsenal. It marks a significant day in world history which remains a symbol of the end of the monarchy and beginning of the modern republic. Facts about Bastille 3: the construction of Bastille. The holiday takes place on Jul. In May, the king had to summon the General Estates in order to address the realm’s financial deficit, created by the help given to the American Revolution. Charlie – The Bastille was ordered by Charles V of France. Reasons for the fall of Bastille include the non-interference of a substantial force of Royal Army troops which were encamped on the Champs de Mars and the fact that the crowd had support of some of the French Guard, who were armed and trained soldiers. Jacques Necker was director-general of the finances under King Louis XVI. If you wanted to live a Bastille Day in Paris like a French person, you would probably start in the morning by turning on the television to watch the military parade, or, simply, by going to the Champs-Elysée to see it in person. The event was celebrated a year later, but the date was not made France’s … Have you ever been in France on July 14th and wondered what all the fireworks were about? The Fête de la Fédération took place on 14 July 1790 on the Champ de Mars, a large public greenspace in Paris, France. That is why, when the painter and deputy Benjamin Raspail suggested to turn July 14th into the national day, he did not clarify which year, in order to please at the same time those who would relate with the Storming of the Bastille and those who would with la fête de la Fédération. 2. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. Porte Saint-Antoine was protected by this strong fortress. Indeed, it is only in 1880 that July 14th was officially adopted as such. It was built to defend the eastern approach to the city of Paris from the English threat in the Hundred Years’ War. A less commonly known fact, even among French people, is that it does not only commemorate July 14th, 1789, but also another event which occurred a year after: “la fête de la Fedération”. Though the Eiffel Tower’s fireworks are the most famous, it does not mean that others in France are not worth it, on the contrary. A crowd of about 1,000 armed civilians gathered in front of the Bastille around mid-morning on the 14th and demanded the surrender of the prison. At this point, the Bastille was nearly empty of prisoners, housing only seven old … To support our blog and writers we put affiliate links and advertising on our page. All Rights Reserved. After the fall of Bastille, Parisians armed themselves as well as they could and prepared for a counterattack. July 14 is Bastille Day, France’s national holiday. If you are now confused as to why Bastille’s Day would commemorate a bloody attack against a symbol of monarchy on the one hand, and a festive event promoting constitutional monarchy on the other, then you are starting to understand what was at stake for the member of Parliament who defended this date as France’s National day a century after. Let’s go back to the kingdom of France under Louis XVIth’s rule. The Storming of the Bastille thus remains one of the most important symbols of the French Revolution, as well as one of the first events leading to the fall of monarchy and the rise of the Republic. Thirty-two soldiers Swiss soldiers, who were under the command of Lieutenant Deflue. Since that year, the, #10 ‘Vive le 14 juillet!’ is a popular slogan in France, In France, Bastille Day is formally called. Few people, Parisians included, realize that many traces of this legendary revolution can still be spotted on, around and under Bastille Square. Sourced from Wikipedia. 2. By the next day the outcome became clear to Louis XVI and he tried to reconcile with the public. Before you think you’ve seen the last of Bastille Day’s history, hang on because it only gets more interesting and bizarre from here on. Beginning in 1417 the Bastille was a prison for those who opposed France's kings. Sourced from Wikipedia. Here are some facts about la fête nationale: 1. When negotiations dragged for hours the crowd grew impatient and surged into the undefended outer courtyard. The idea came from none other than the marquis de La Fayette, appointed by Louis XVI as the head of the National Guard of Paris. For instance, in 2016, New Zealand was the guest of honor, so Maori warriors marched. The Storming of the Bastille led to a short period of general panic during which rumors of an aristocrat “famine plot” led to people attacking manor houses. Since that year, the Bastille Day Military Parade is held in the morning of 14 July each year in Paris. Bastille was also a symbol of the harsh rule of the monarchy and often held people jailed on the basis of direct orders from the king. Sourced from Wikipedia. Since 1880, a military parade has been organized in the morning of July 14th. But secrecy about the prison and its prisoners gave it an evil reputation. Read more. 10 Facts On Bastille Day And Storming of The Bastille The Bastille was a fortress in Paris. The first thing an English-speaker should know is that there is a great chance that a French person would not understand what “Bastille Day” refers to, if it were to be mentioned. 14, giving you the perfect reason to learn fun facts about Bastille Day. It is considered to be the event which ignited the French Revolution. Back to History for Kids. Ten things you never knew about Bastille day Today is celebrated in France as Bastille Day or Le Quatorze Juillet to mark the storming of the Bastille, starting the French Revolution on … In 1790, France resembled a constitutional monarchy and the very purpose of the Festival was to secure this regime. Because after a constant back and forth between monarchical and republican regimes (not to mention Napoleon‘s Consulate and Empire) during the majority of the XIXth century, France had just started by then its third Republic in 1870 and intended, this time, to make it last (spoiler alert: it did). Check Amazon’s best-seller list for the most popular travel accessories. In this one, the flags and garlands’ colors actually appear almost unnoticeable in the cool-toned painting, predominantly green and yellow, giving not so much of a festive impression. Share. The first stone was laid on 22 April 1370, but it would not be completed in its 18th Century iteration until 1557. Now that you know everything about Bastille Day, or rather, July 14th, pick your spot and enjoy the fireworks! A man named Marquis De Luanay governed/was in charge of the Bastille. Like the Boston Massacre the storming of the Bastille was a symbolic event. The Bastille was originally a royal state prison built in the 1370s to defend Paris from the English during the Hundred Years War. © Benjamin Daujat. Oil painting depicting the storming of Bastille 1. That said, the Bastille does have something to do with it. Storming of the Bastille ignited the French Revolution and is considered a symbol of the end of monarchy. When the news of his dismissal reached Paris the next day, its citizen saw it as a move aimed against the National Constituent Assembly. The parade then passed by the Champs-Elysées, notably stopping at the Arc de Triomphe, to pay a tribute in front of the Unknown Soldier’s tomb. It is worth noting that women working in the army or in the police had to wait 1971 to be allowed to partake in the parade. 1 decade ago. Around this time gunfire began and fighting broke out which ultimately led to the governor of Bastille, Bernard-René de Launay, surrendering and opening the gates. After the end of the official celebration, there was a huge popular four day feast. When this is done, the show continues at night. This was caused primarily by French involvement in a series of expensive wars. Not long after he created this piece, he sadly shot himself and died from his injuries. Colourful fireworks illuminate the Eiffel Tower, armoured tanks trundle down the Champs-Elysees in a military parade, low-flying jet planes rip through the sky, spouting blue, white and red smoke in their wake – all to celebrate the storming of the prison Bastille in 1789 and the release of its prisoners. In London, though, French members of the Resistance would still march. Bastille was created in innovative design. You have entered an incorrect email address! But most importantly, ever since the XVth century, kings frequently used the building as a prison. Furthermore, if you prefer to go dancing with handsome firemen, balls are organized in every arrondissement’s fire station. After a standoff that lasted into the afternoon, the crowd gained access to the Bastille, overwhelmed its guards and arrested and murdered its governor. 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